Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with various related varieties of apparel originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Firm rule in India.[seven]
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and 19th generations, as well as British impact on the broader Western entire world in the course of the Victorian era. Pajamas had been released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then generally known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they quickly fell out of fashion. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the 1st 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a manner in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different persons in India e.g. by Women of all ages of assorted courses, by Sikh Males, and many by Mohammedans of equally sexes. It was adopted from the Mohammedans by Europeans being an post of dishabille and of night time apparel, and it is synonymous with Long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a excellent numerous Many others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on forty several years ago, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Classic pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers mix fabricated from soft material, such as flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor ordinarily incorporates a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of people prefer to sleep or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either that has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama trousers for guys and boys tend to be marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas are sometimes termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas feature a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-1st century They are really instead exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are plenty of variations in design for instance shorter sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various size,[sixteen] or, every now and then, 1-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of elements. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Ordinarily worn by children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.
While pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes such as nightgowns, within the US, they've often provided the latter for a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a style of short costume top over shorts or brief pants.
Pajamas may these days make reference to Females's mixture Click here daywear, especially in the US exactly where they became well-liked within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight trousers. Samples of these include things like capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.